Screening for Undiagnosed Diabetic Subjects Using a Simplified Indian Diabetic Risk Score in Warangal District of Telangana State

Venkatesh Dharmakari, Punam Kumari Jha, D Manisha

Abstract


Background: There is an increasing global prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in the adult population. This is associated with rapid urbanization, the combination of overweight and obesity, poor lifestyle behaviors, and limited opportunity for improving health status. Close to half of the people with diabetes in India are not aware of their disease status, and a large subset of these people is at risk of poor detection. Hence, this study aims at using the Indian Diabetic Risk Score (IDRS) to assess the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in the urban field practicing area of Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal, Telangana. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done in Ursu, in the urban field practice area of Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal, during the period of January to September 2020. A total of 220 study participants were interviewed for the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes using IDRS. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data on sociodemographic profile. Data were entered in MS-Excel sheet and statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS software version-19. Results: We found that most of the study participants had a moderate risk of developing Type 2 diabetes (low risk-29%, moderate risk-50%, and high risk-21%). Age, body mass index, occupation, physical activity throughout the day, and family history of diabetes were significantly associated with increasing risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in the future. Conclusion: The results show that urban population is more prone to sedentary occupation, increased BMI and decreased physical activity. Early identification of high-risk individuals by screening and early interventions would help in the prevention of diabetes and its complications.

Key words: Indian diabetes risk score, Type-2 diabetes mellitus, urban population


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