A Cross-sectional Study to Assess Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding COVID-19 and Its Socioeconomic Impact among the General Population of Hubli, Karnataka

Dattatraya D Bant, H R Sushma, Bushra Jabeen

Abstract


 

 Background: Novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) originating from China has rapidly crossed borders, infecting people throughout the whole world. As COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented human health consequences – Knowledge, attitude, and perception of the general population of India toward transmission and prevention play vital role for effective control measures. The study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of the general public of India on COVID-19 and its socioeconomic impact. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between May 6, 2020, and June 6, 2020, among the general public of Hubli, Karnataka. A semi-structured questionnaire on knowledge, attitude, practice, and socioeconomic impact of COVID-19 was generated and randomly distributed among the public using Google forms through social media networks. Using MS Excel and SPSS version 21.0, the responses have been analyzed. Results: Among 201 participants, 77.6% of them have adequate knowledge and 71.1% of them have good practice and good attitude. From the study, it could be seen that 80% of them faced difficulties in getting food or essential things, 59% of them had their family income affected due to this pandemic. About 68.1% agreed that online education has a good impact on children. There is a statistical and positive correlation between Knowledge and Practice scores regarding COVID-19. Conclusion: The study suggests that there is a need for more stringent measures to increase the knowledge levels and practice for controlling the pandemic more effectively and also create awareness among the people regarding safety measures.

Key words: Attitude, COVID-19, knowledge, pandemic, practice


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