A Cross-sectional Study on Awareness of Accredited Social Health Activists Workers Regarding Maternal Health Care in a Rural Area of North Karnataka

P Swetha, Arun Joshi, Manjunath Kamble, Praveena Gunagi

Abstract


Introduction: Government of India in 2005 launched National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and introduced Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA) at the community level. ASHA acts as an interface between the community and public health system. ASHA will be the first port of call for any health-related demands of deprived sections of the population especially, women who find it difficult to access health services. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the knowledge of ASHA workers regarding maternal health care. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine the awareness of ASHA workers regarding maternal health care. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among all ASHA (100) workers in rural field practice area (Mutaga, Sulebhavi, and Uchagaon) of the Department of Community Medicine, BIMS, Belagavi. Data were collected in a pre-structured pro forma using interview technique from May to July 2019. Results: Majority (56%) ASHAs were in the age group was 31–40 years. About 100% of ASHAs were aware of minimum antenatal visits. About 88% were aware about colostrum. Conclusion: All ASHAs had 100% knowledge regarding antenatal care, regarding postnatal care, it was less. Even though ASHAs were trained in the beginning, still there is lack in knowledge about some of the components, hence, regular reinforcement is required.

Key words: Accredited Social Health Activists, awareness, maternal health care, North Karnataka


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