Assessment of Knowledge and Screening for Anemia: A Cross-sectional Study among the Female Students of a Degree College

Santosh Achappa, J Harshitha, S Bhumika

Abstract


Introduction: Despite India being the first country to initiate the National Nutritional Anemia Prophylaxis Programme in 1970, anemia is still widely prevalent. One of the factors which help in decreasing the cases of anemia relation to social correlates includes increasing awareness about anemia among young girls. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 6 months among the students of arts degree college, Bidadi in 2019. Non-probability samples (convenience sample) of 156 students were selected for the study. A pre-tested and semi-structured questionnaire was given to the students to assess their knowledge about anemia. Students were screened for anemia by estimating their hemoglobin levels using Hemocue Hb301 instrument. Results: The mean age of the students was 19.05 ± 1 years. The magnitude of anemia was found to be 41%. Among the students who were anemic, 39 (25%) were having mild anemia, 24 (15.4%) students were moderately anemic, and 1 (0.6%) were severely anemic. Regarding the knowledge level about anemia, 31 (28%) students had poor score, 66 (60%) students had average score, and 13 (12%) students had good score. Conclusion: Magnitude of anemia was high among the young girls and most of the anemic girls were having mild degree anemia. Nearly one-third of the students had not heard about anemia. Majority had an average knowledge on anemia and one-fourth of the students had poor knowledge. There was no statistically significant association between age of the participants and degree of anemia.

Key words: Anemia, Hemocue Hb301, students


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