A Study on Perception of Training Quality and Problems faced by Accredited Social Health Activist of Vijayapura District, Karnataka

M Rohit, M M Angadi

Abstract


Introduction: Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) is the most important cadre in the health sector of India. They serve as the first point contact between the population and health facility. Hence, proper training of ASHAs is an absolute necessary factor for carrying out their assigned activities efficiently. It should also be acknowledged that ASHAs are facing a lot of problems in carrying out their roles and responsibilities. Addressing those problems and providing suitable solutions to them are the need of the hour. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the training details of the ASHAs working in Vijayapura district and to know problems faced by them in carrying out their roles and responsibilities. Methods: A Cross sectional study was conducted with inclusion of 617 ASHAs. A pre-designed, semi-structured questionnaire was prepared in accordance with the study objectives. The questionnaire was prepared in English and the interview was conducted in Kannada language by explaining them questions one by one. Data were collected by interview technique. Results: Details of the training session showed that majority (86.1%) of ASHAs had 23 days of training with (5.2%) of ASHAs opined that the training session was over crowded. About 84.6% of ASHAs said that the teacher was able to explain clearly; with 72.8% of ASHAs informed that content of training was appropriate and 18.5% replied that there was a need of refresher training. The main problem faced by ASHAs was delay in their payments (32%), followed by their expenses incurred are more than the incentives (26%) that they get.

Key words: Accredited Social Health Activists, problems, training quality


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