Risk Assessment of Diabetes among Patients Attending Outpatient Department at Urban Health Centre, Ludhiana

Sangeeta Girdhar, Anurag Chaudhary, . Prabhleen Kaur, Priya Bansal

Abstract


Introduction: The burden of diabetes is increasing throughout the world with major increase in low- and middle-income countries. It constitutes the hidden part of iceberg which needs to be screened for early identification of the disease and further prevention of complications. Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) is a screening tool which can be easily used in the community to screen the population for diabetes. Methodology: This study was conducted at Urban Training Health Centre, Shimlapuri, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana. A total of 273 patients attending outpatient department between September and November 2016 were recruited in the study. A pre-designed semi-structured pro forma was prepared which included sociodemographic profile, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements, and application of IDRS on subjects. Ethics approval was sought and written consent was obtained from participants. Results: Risk assessment of subjects using IDRS showed that 9.9% were at low risk of diabetes while 58.6% and 31.5% were at moderate and high risk of diabetes, respectively. Higher age, female gender, high waist circumference, positive family history, and high body mass index were found to be significantly associated with high risk of diabetes among the study participants. Conclusion: Majority of the study population was found to be at moderate or high risk of diabetes which is an indication of immediate action in terms of lifestyle changes. There is need to impart health education to people for timely diagnosis and prompt treatment of diabetes.

Key words: Diabetes, IDRS, risk assessment, urban health centre


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