A Study to Assess the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices Regarding Integrated Child Development Services among Mothers in the Field Practice Area of Urban Health Centre, Kalburgi

Panchasheela S Reshmi, Mohin Sakre

Abstract


 Introduction: Children are the backbone of a country and their protection is the greatest investment for the country’s economic and political stability. The first 6 years of a child’s life are the most crucial as the foundations for physical, emotional, social, psychological, and cognitive development are laid down at this stage. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the awareness and utilization of selected child welfare services among parents. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Study includes 300 mothers of children aged 0–6 years and registered at AWC in the field practice area of Urban Health Centre, Kalburgi. Results: In the current study, 51% were male and 49% were female. Majority of the children 46.33% belongs to 1–3 years age group. About 54% of children were underweight followed by 28.67% were normal and 17.33% overweight. Majority of participants (72% of children) were fully immunized. Awareness regarding integrated welfare measure for mothers and children through ICDC center was seen in 67% of mothers. Main source of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) information to mothers was neighbors followed by TV. About 30.33% and 28% of children were taken to Anganwadi 4 days/week and 3 days/week respectively. About 98.33% of mothers utilized various services rendered by ICDS. Conclusion: The study found that awareness and utilization of Anganwadi services are quite low. Coverage performance of ICDS centers regarding various child health services needs improvement. There is a definite need to strengthen the Information, Education and Communication (IEC) and Behavior Change Communication (BCC) activities regarding the ICDS scheme and to reflect the awareness in utilization of child health services.

Key words: Anganwadi, integrated child development services, knowledge, practice


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