A Study on the Factors Influencing Obstructive Sleep Apoea Among Students of Medical College in Maharashtra

Nishit S Oswal, Rishabh Shah

Abstract


Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is defined as a condition wherein there are repeated episodes of partial or complete obstruction of the respiratory passages during the sleep. Developing countries like India do not have much of the literature on the prevalence of OSA and OSAS. Methodology: The present study is a cross-sectional study done among the 320 students of Medical College. A standard pre-tested and validated sleep questionnaire, namely, a modified version of Wilconsin Sleep Cohort Questionnaire was administered, followed by some anthropometric measurements were done. Results: About 65.5% of the patients having H/O snoring had neck circumference (NC) >40 cm and it was found to be significant stating that, increased NC leads to snoring and in turn are having OSA. It was proved statistically significant with P < 0.0001. Similarly, it was also noted that, only 25.9% of the patients with H/O of snoring had consulted sleep physician regarding snoring and its management among 58 patients suffering from snoring issues. It was also found to be statistically significant (P < 0.0001).

Key words: Obstructive sleep apnea, sleep disturbance, sleep


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