Assessment of Health-related Quality of Life Using EQ-5D Among Residents of Mysore during the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic

Harshini Suresh, Mansoor Ahmed

Abstract


The coronavirus disease (COVID 19) caused by novel coronavirus emerged in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and it causes severe respiratory infection in humans. COVID 19 not only affects the physical health of the patients but also adversely impacts the mental health of the general population. The objective of this study is to understand the impact of the COVID- 19 Pandemic on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among the general population in Mysore using a European-five dimensional health scale (EQ-5D questionnaire.) Methods: An online survey was developed using Google forms and sent to the participants. The Survey was conducted from September 1, 2020, to September 30, 2020. The questionnaires included information on socio-demographic details, health status, and EQ-5D scale. Results: Among 1212 participants, 927 (76.5%) were worried of getting infected with COVID 19, the most frequently reported problem was anxiety/depression (47.3%). The elderly (>60 years) reported more problems in mobility, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression. Furthermore, the respondents with chronic diseases were more likely to report problems in all five dimensions of EQ-5D. Those who were highly worried about COVID-19 were also more likely to report problems in the five dimensions. Conclusion: This study concluded that COVID19 has significantly affected all five dimensions in the HRQoL among the Mysore population. This study will help in designing effective preventive and control strategies to tackle this problem among general population.

Key words: COVID-19, Quality of Life, EQ-5D, Mysore


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