Study on Inappropriate Use of Antibiotics and Its Associated Factors among Adults Residing in Bholakpur, Secunderabad

Syeda Asma, Ch. Koteswaramma, D. Sridhar, M. Vijay Kumar, K. Aishwariya, K. J. Kishore Kumar, Vimala Thomas

Abstract


 

 Background: Antibiotics resistance is a natural phenomenon, but antibiotics abuse accelerates this process. Inappropriate antibiotics use includes non/old prescription purchase, use for incomplete duration or inappropriate indication, and use of left-over antibiotics. Antibiotics resistance leads to increased morbidity and mortality along with catastrophic health expenditure. Study of contributing factors can lead to development of preventive strategies. Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess the patterns of inappropriate use of antibiotics and to determine the socio-demographic factors associated with inappropriate use of antibiotics. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in urban field practice area of Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad during the period of October to December 2019 using semi-structured questionnaire. A sample size of 280 was taken based on prevalence from literature and study subjects were selected by simple random sampling. Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft Excel and SPSS-19. Results: The mean age of the study subjects was 37.73 ± 10.9 years. Inappropriate antibiotics use was 71%. Higher age, lower educational status, being unemployed, and lower socioeconomic status were found to be significantly associated with inappropriate use of antibiotics. Conclusion: The inappropriate use of antibiotics was high among the study population. Higher age, lower literacy levels and unemployment were found to be strong predictors for inappropriate antibiotics use.

Key words: Antibiotics resistance, inappropriate antibiotics use, non-prescription antibiotics use


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