Study on Inappropriate Use of Antibiotics and Its Associated Factors among Adults Residing in Bholakpur, Secunderabad
Background: Antibiotics resistance is a natural phenomenon, but antibiotics abuse accelerates this process. Inappropriate antibiotics use includes non/old prescription purchase, use for incomplete duration or inappropriate indication, and use of left-over antibiotics. Antibiotics resistance leads to increased morbidity and mortality along with catastrophic health expenditure. Study of contributing factors can lead to development of preventive strategies. Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess the patterns of inappropriate use of antibiotics and to determine the socio-demographic factors associated with inappropriate use of antibiotics. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in urban field practice area of Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad during the period of October to December 2019 using semi-structured questionnaire. A sample size of 280 was taken based on prevalence from literature and study subjects were selected by simple random sampling. Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft Excel and SPSS-19. Results: The mean age of the study subjects was 37.73 ± 10.9 years. Inappropriate antibiotics use was 71%. Higher age, lower educational status, being unemployed, and lower socioeconomic status were found to be significantly associated with inappropriate use of antibiotics. Conclusion: The inappropriate use of antibiotics was high among the study population. Higher age, lower literacy levels and unemployment were found to be strong predictors for inappropriate antibiotics use.
Key words: Antibiotics resistance, inappropriate antibiotics use, non-prescription antibiotics use
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