A Cross-sectional Study to Assess the Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, and Risks Associated with Pesticide Exposure in Farmers of Kodariya Village in Indore District

Bhagwan Waskel, Richa Siddharth, Lubana Shaikh, Salil Sakalle, Praveen Yuwane, Geeta Shivram, Behlool Johar, Kunal Bais, Kanhaiya Hariyale, Laxmi Bhadouriya, Juhi Upadhyay

Abstract


 

 Background: Pesticides are widely used in public health to kill vectors of disease and in agricultural farms to kill pests damaging crops. The unsafe and indiscriminate use of pesticides in agriculture results in major environmental and human hazards. The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practices of safe use of pesticides and the risk associated in the farmers of Kodariya village in Indore district. Objective: The objectives are as follows: 1. To study the prevalence of pesticide used in Kodariya village. 2. To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of farmers regarding pesticide use. 3. To study the harmful effects of pesticides on farmers. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on the farmers of Kodariya village near MHOW. Study was carried out using a pre-designed semi-structured questionnaire which included demographic questions and question related to pesticides knowledge, their use and pesticides harmful effects. Farmers who work on farms currently and those who gave their consent were taken for the study .The study was conducted from September 2019 to January 2020. The consistency and completeness of the collected data were checked manually and then coded, cleaned, and entered using trial version of SPSS 20 software for further analysis. Ethical clearance from the college committee was taken. Written informed consent was taken from the participants. Results: Out of 80 farmers interviewed, 67 (83.57%) farmers were using pesticides. Out of which 55 (68.75%) of farmers were aware of the harmful effects of pesticides and 57 (85.08%) farmers were wearing mask, gloves, and shoes while pesticide spraying. Five (50%) farmers had encountered eye irritation as the most common symptom following pesticide use. Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that the use of pesticide is widely prevalent in Kodariya village of Indore district. The harmful effects of pesticides can be minimized using personal protection equipment and proper guidance regarding safe pesticides use and safe disposal.

Key words: Organic farming, personal protective equipment, pesticide


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