A Cross-sectional Study on Knowledge of Standard Precautions among Paramedical Health care workers in Teaching Hospital of GIMS, Gadag

J Rudramma, Jannatbi Iti, K Shilpa

Abstract


 

 Background: Health care workers are more exposed to blood and body fluids of the patients and are at risk of transmission of blood-borne and other pathogens. In developing countries, there is increasing incidence of sharp injuries due to recapping, disassembly, and inappropriate disposal of sharps or needles. Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were as follows: (1) To assess the knowledge of Standard precautions among paramedical Health care workers in Teaching Hospital of Gadag Institute of Medical Sciences, Gadag and (2) to determine the association between type of paramedical workers and their knowledge of standard precautions in Teaching Hospital of Gadag Institute of Medical Sciences, Gadag. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among paramedical Health care workers working in teaching hospital. A pre-designed and semi-structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge of standard precautions among the paramedical staff and data were analyzed by proportion and Chi-square test. Results: Out of 157 paramedical Health care workers, majority of study subjects 54.8% were female and 66.9% belonged to the age group of 20–29 years. About 97.41% of nursing staff and laboratory technicians had knowledge of standard precautions involving contamination with bodily fluids and discharge. Conclusion: The study concluded that 93% paramedical staff had knowledge about application of standard precautions during caring of all patients regardless of their infection status and attempted to highlight the issues that were to be addressed with regard to standard precautions.

Key words: Health care workers, paramedical staff, sharp injuries, standard precautions


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