Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Knowledge, Risk Perception, Preventive Behaviors, and Practices among Adult Patients Attending Urban Health Centre

Daljeet Kaur, Taranjeet Kaur Chawla, Roopali Nath Mathur

Abstract


 

 Introduction: On March 13, 2020, the World Health Organization announced the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 virus as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as Pandemic. This study investigates the adult patients attending urban health center knowledge, risk perception, and practices during the COVID-19 pandemic in Rajasthan, India. Aims: To aim of the study was to study the knowledge, risk perception, preventive behaviors, and practices regarding COVID-19 among adult patients attending the urban health center of Rajasthan, India. Methods: The study was conducted using a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study among adult patients attending urban health center, Pali (Rajasthan) India in April 2020–September 2020 among patients of Urban Health Training Centre, attached to Government Medical College Pali, Rajasthan. The sample size was 250 with a convenience sampling method. Results: The public was more cautious about their behavior during the Outbreak, Media (TV, News channels, and advertisements) were found the common source of information. 176 respondents (70.4%) knew that covering mouth/nose when sneezing/coughing as a preventive measure against COVID-19. One hundred and eighty-seven (74.8%) respondents said that it can be prevented by washing hands with soap and water. Participants correctly identified the individuals at higher risk of serious complications due to COVID-19 disease. Subsequently, 181 (72.4%), respondents showed a good practice on washing hands frequently and 172 respondents (68.8%) avoiding touching nose, eyes, and mouth without sterilizing hands. Conclusion: This study provides a baseline to help local authorities in their pandemic preparatory plans, and campaign. The continuous education to adopt appropriate personal hygiene and socially responsible habits is needed.

Key words: Coronavirus disease 2019 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), knowledge, media, pandemic


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