Prevalence of Chronic Energy Deficiency in Ethnic Adult Punjabi Population According to Weight for Height Criteria

Amrit Pal Singh Brar, Shivesh Devgan, Harjot Singh, Deepinder Pal Singh Brar

Abstract


Introduction: Chronic energy deficiency (CED) is a state where energy intake is less than what is required by the body over prolonged period of time. Overall prevalence of CED in India is 30%. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to find the prevalence of CED in Ethnic Punjabi Population of Amritsar. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study using stratified sampling technique. A total of 400 study subjects were chosen in the age group of 20–60 years, 200 were taken from rural and 200 were taken from urban areas. Results: Total CED in Punjab was found out to be 19% and maximum number of CED cases were found in the age group of 20–29 years. The prevalence of CED was more in females (23.9%) than males (13.1%). Maximum cases were of mild grade CED at 12.5%. Conclusion: Reckoning the burden of CED in Punjab, special public health interventions are the need of hour.

Key words: Body mass index, chronic energy deficiency, malnutrition


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