An Observational Study to Assess the Awareness Regarding Hazards of Reuse of Single-use Plastic Bottle among Medical Students in Indore

Aditya Kumar Khatri, Suraj Sirohi, Amreen Shaikh, Yogesh Chouhan

Abstract


 Background: Since the 1950s, the assembly of plastic has outpaced that of just about every other material. Much of the plastic we produce is meant to be thrown away after getting used just one occasion. As a result, plastic packaging accounts for about half the plastic waste within the world. Most of this waste is generated in Asia. Only 9% of 9 billion tonnes of plastic the world has ever produced has been recycled. By 2050, there’ll be around 12 billion tonnes of plastic litter in landfills and thus the environment, if current consumption patterns and waste management practices continue. The most common single-use plastics found in the environment are plastic drinking bottles, their caps, food wrappers, plastic bags, plastic lids, and stirrers. Plastic waste causes a lot of problems when it leaks into the environment. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the awareness related to health hazards, consumption behavior pattern, and environment impact awareness and to assess willingness to reduce consumption. Materials and Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was done on 450 students of medical college in Indore by simple random sampling (over a period of 5 months), using predesigned semi-structured questionnaire. Medical students who gave consent were included in the study. Results: Frequency of use of always using plastic bottle was more in males. Plastic bottles are preferred as it is inexpensive. Disposal habit percentage was more in males as compared to females. Almost all were aware that plastic bottles are non-biodegradable and an environmental hazard. Almost two-thirds agree completely on government’s decision to reduce and ban the plastic use. Conclusion: According to our study, majority of people use single – use plastic bottles ,as it is easy available.Though most people are aware that these are non-biodegradable and noxious; still most people need to be educated regarding the same.

Key words: Hazards, Single-use plastic, Awareness


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