Awareness Regarding First Aid Practices and Prevention of Burn Injuries in Rural Field Practice Area of Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru

Aishwarya Subramanian, Shashikala Manjunath


Background: Burn injury is one of the common medical emergencies admitted to any hospital and is an important public health problem throughout the world. Although most burn injuries are preventable, the general lack of safety consciousness and lack of knowledge on first aid measures, compounded by absence of organized burn care at primary and secondary health-care level, hinder the curbing of this preventable problem. Objectives: The objectives of the study were as follows: (a) To assess the awareness among study participants regarding first aid practices followed in case of burn injuries in the rural field practice area of Rajarajeswari Medical College and (b) to assess awareness regarding prevention of burn injuries. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 1220 randomly selected participants in the rural area using a semi-structured, pretested questionnaire. Data were analyzed adopting descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate statistical techniques using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 22. Results: The prevalence of burn injuries was found to be 9.5% in the present study. Logistic regression analysis showed that various sociodemographic characteristics of participants such as age, gender, type of family, educational status, and socioeconomic status had statistically significant association with awareness regarding first aid for burn injuries. Majority (72%) participants did not have awareness on prevention of burn injuries. Conclusion: The prevalence of burn injuries was 9.5% among the study participants. There existed statistically significant association between first aid awareness for burn injuries and various sociodemographic determinants. A general lack in awareness on preventive aspects for burn injuries was observed.

Key words: Bengaluru, burn injuries, first aid, prevention, rural field practice area

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