Analyzing the National Nutrition Policy of India: A Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats Analysis
The National Nutrition Policy of India was formulated in 1993, which has not been updated since. The aim of this review is to explain the need for separate nutrition policy in India, genesis of this policy, perform a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis of the policy, and presents the lessons learnt from it. Recognizing different forms of malnutrition and creating one of the largest public food distribution systems in the world have been identified as some of the strengths of this policy. However, failure of the policy to address issues such as identifying beneficiaries for nutritional programs, shortfalls in government storage facilities, and forecasting problems of over-nutrition remain as weaknesses of the policy. Use of advanced information technology in curbing pilferage, ways to improve coordination between the involved government departments, horizontal and vertical articulation of state officials present a few opportunities to strengthen the policy. Understanding these issues will not only help in finding solutions to some of the existing nutritional problems in India but also help the policy makers across the globe in designing nutritional health programs.
Key words: India, nutrition, policy, under nutrition
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