Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Bank Employees of Latur City of Maharashtra
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a disease known from ancient times. The description of this disease is found long back in Indian Vedic literature when Sushruta (5th century B.C.) described this disorder as “Madhumeha” meaning “honey-urine.” The global increase in the prevalence of diabetes is due to population growth, aging, urbanization, and increase of obesity and physical inactivity. The primary determinants of the epidemic are rapid epidemiological transition associated with changes in dietary patterns and decreased physical activity. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to study the prevalence and associated risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Bank employees in Latur city of Maharashtra. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based descriptive study was conducted among 400 bank employees (i.e., 200 from Govt. bank, each 100 from Co-operative and Private bank) during the period of November 2018 to April 2019. A pre-designed and pre-tested pro forma which included information about their bio-social characteristics, family history, smoking habits and tobacco intake, alcohol consumption, demographic, and socioeconomic data. The data were analyzed by using SPSS version 19.0. Results: The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus was 11.5%. The prevalence of already diagnosed diabetes mellitus cases was more, that is, 10% than newly diagnosed cases, that is, 1.5%. The prevalence varied significantly with age, body mass index, and family history of diabetes mellitus, waist circumference (WC), tobacco addiction, and alcohol addiction. However, it did not significantly with religion, gender, type of family, socioeconomic status, and waist/hip ratio. Conclusion: In the present study, the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus was 11.5%. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus varied significantly with age, body mass index, and family history of diabetes mellitus, WC, tobacco addiction, and alcohol addiction.
Key words: Prevalence, diabetes mellitus, bank employees, risk factors
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