A Cross-sectional Study on Osteoporosis among Women Aged 40 Years and Above in the Urban Field Practice Area of a Medical College, Bengaluru

K S Seema,, R Chethana, Deepthi Nagaraj

Abstract


Introduction: Osteoporosis is a major public health problem in Indian women. It is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mass with microarchitectural deterioration of bone, thus increasing susceptibility to fractures. As no much evidence was found in our urban field practice area, this study was conducted with an aim to find out the prevalence of osteoporosis among women ≥40 years using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry bone mineral density (DEXA-BMD) machine. Methodology: Women aged ≥40 years were included. Sociodemographic details were collected using a structured pro forma after informed consent and BMD was determined using DEXA-BMD machine. Results were interpreted using WHO T-score criteria. Results: A total of 260 subjects participated. The mean age was 53.4 ± 10.5 years. Most women were married, majority (59.3%) were Muslims, 66.5% belonged to nuclear family, and most (99.2%) belonged to lower socioeconomic class (Modified Kuppuswamy’s classification). About 33.1% had osteoporosis and 55.4% had osteopenia and 30 (11.5%) had normal BMD. Conclusion: Osteoporosis is still a significant health problem since it is a silent disease and early detection can help in reducing the morbidities and overall socioeconomic burden in women.

Keywords: Osteoporosis, osteopenia, informed consent, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, bone mineral density.


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