An Epidemiological Analysis about the Scoring of Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence and AUDIT Test for Alcohol Dependence among Tribal Adults in a Rural Tribal Block

Rahul Kewal Kumar

Abstract


 Background: Tobacco/nicotine dependence and alcohol dependence has been included in standardized psychiatric diagnostic criteria such as International Classification of Diseases-10 and DSM-III-R. Tobacco consumption and alcohol consumption is widely prevalent habit among tribals. Awareness of it is important to reduce the number of users and its dependency in them. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted to find out the dependency status of tobacco and alcohol consumption among tribals which was measured by Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence/Karl Fagerstrom Nicotine SCORES and alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) SCORES, respectively. A cross-sectional study using multistage sampling method with house to house visits. Sample size came out 300. The study was conducted in Narayanganj block of Mandla District. Results: About 60.7% of the tribals were consuming smokeless tobacco in various forms. The trend of Karl Fagersrom Score was shifted more towards tribals. About 29.3% of the subjects consumed alcohol, higher AUDIT score in tribal people and hence their dependence and high-risk behavior. Conclusion: Our study shows that the habit of tobacco and alcohol consumption and its dependency is on the higher side among tribals. Addiction and dependence on these addiction substances and subsequent association of the above with other non-communicable diseases are emerging as a significant health problem among the both the tribals.

Key words: AUDIT score, dependence, FTND, tribal


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