Assessment of Quality of Sleep and its Associated Factors with the Help of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index among Medical Students of Rajasthan

Nitesh Mangal, Piyushkumar C . Parmar, Dilip Kumar L

Abstract


 Introduction: As medical students living away from home and making decisions on their own, they have high chance of trouble sleep as result of long course and hectic schedules. Objective: The aim of the study was to know the prevalence of poor sleep quality with associated risk factors along with establishing link of poor quality with excessive daytime sleepiness and excessive use of social media. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in Pacific Institute of Medical Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan, during the month of July 2018–January 2019. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale and Epworth sleepiness scale were used for the assessment of quality of sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness. Results: This study showed that 6–7 out of 10 students have bad quality of sleep and more than half of this students were female. More than 2 h mobile use was related with excessive daytime sleepiness. Conclusion: Medical students also part of community and high prevalence of bad sleep quality along with excessive daytime sleepiness associated with high use of mobile. Hence, there is a need to create awareness related to poor sleep quality.

Key word: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, sleep quality, Epworth sleepiness scale, medical students


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