A Cross-sectional Study on Assessment of Nutritional Status of Adolescents in Government High Schools of Kurnool City, Andhra Pradesh, India

Padmaja Jandyam, Sujatha Peethala, Sreedevi Arepalli

Abstract


 Background: Adolescents are an important resource of any country. Adolescence is the significant period of human growth and maturation.[1] Due to rapid acceleration of new growth and wide spread developmental changes, nutritional needs are also more during this period. However, inadequate diet and unfavorable environments in developing countries may adversely influence the nutrition and growth of adolescents. This poor nutrition in adolescents may lead to future adverse health outcomes.[1] The objective of this study is to evaluate the nutritional status among adolescents in the Kurnool city. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 440 school children in the age group of 10–18 years from urban area of Kurnool city, Andhra Pradesh, from January 2020 to March 2020. The sampling method used was simple random sampling, the study was a pre-tested and semi-structured questionnaire. Data analysis was performed with the help of SPSS20 version. Results: Mean age of the participants is 13.34±1.5 years. Underweight was found to be 79.3% and stunting was found in 59.3%. Education of the mother, occupation of the father, and increased family size had significant association with undernutrition. Type of family, birth order, education of the father, and occupation of the mother did not have significant association.

Key words: Adolescents, stunting, undernutrition


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