A Cross-sectional Study about Awareness of Rabies Prophylaxis and Animal Bite Management among Medical Interns in Maharashtra

Masne Shivani, Kshirsagar Maya, S V Chincholikar

Abstract


 Background: Rabies is a deadly zoonotic viral disease infecting all mammals and resulting in highest fatality rate among all known infectious diseases. Considering its fatality, a preventable strategy is most appropriate. Despite rabies being 100% fatal, it is 100% vaccine preventable at the same time. Hence, the study was carried out on interns of a medical college in Maharashtra to evaluate the level of awareness and knowledge regarding rabies and its management. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was carried out in the department of community medicine of a private medical college in Maharashtra. The study was carried out among the interns during the period from April 2019 to October 2019. Results: A total of 85 interns participated in the study. It was observed that 56 (65.9%) interns knew that the dog is the only animal, whereas 29 (34.1%) were knowing that animals such as cat, fox, and monkey along with dog transmit the disease. Eighty-three (97.6%) interns were aware about washing of the wound with soap and water was the immediate measure needed after animal bite. In the present study, only 29 (45.3%) interns knew the correct knowledge of intramuscular vaccine schedule whereas only 15 (23.4%) were aware about correct intradermal vaccine schedule. Conclusion: Continued medical education during internship will help to address specific knowledge deficiencies.

Key words: Rabies, Prophylaxis, Animal bite


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