Depression in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital in North Karnataka: A Hospital-Based Descriptive Study

Krishna Hemantbhai Tavrawala, Jayaraj R Mhetri, Prateek Parashar

Abstract


Introduction: Diabetics have a higher risk of having depression when compared to normal population. India has the one of the largest diabetic populations many of the treating physicians fail to recognize the underlying depression of patients with diabetes mellitus. The objective of the study was to find out the prevalence of depression in patients with established Type II diabetes mellitus patients. Materials and Methods: The present study is a hospital-based cross-sectional descriptive study. The study was undertaken in patients attending outpatient department of tertiary care hospital. A total of 150 patients with established T2DM were evaluated for depression by administering the 21-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scale. Results: In the present study, 54.4% of the participants were found to be having depression, which ranged from mild to severe, most of the them had only mild symptoms. Most of the study participants, that is, about 22% belonged to the age group of 51–60 years followed by 18% in 41–50 years. In the present study, depression was found more in females (30.66%) than in males (24.66%). In this study, majority of the patients (33.3%) on OHA were not depressed, whereas 15.2% of patients on insulin and OHAs were depressed. A total of 48% of the patients with comorbidities were depressed in the present study. Conclusion: The diabetic patients are more prone to have depression, therefore, it is necessary for the well-being of diabetic patients that the patients are assessed for the presence or development of depression.

Key words: Becks Depression Inventory, depression, diabetes


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