A Cross-sectional Study on Psychosocial Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Software Professionals in Hyderabad

Kiranmayi Karanati, Pidakala Mary Moses, Vishwajeet Manohar Chavan, Hajera Rabbani

Abstract


Background: The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak has been declared as Public Health Emergency of International concern on January 30, 2020 by the World Health Organization. Government of India declared Janatha Curfew on March 22, 2020 followed by Lockdown from March 24, 2020 to curb the spread of COVID-19 Pandemic. Stress is inescapable part of modern life where pandemic, lockdown, and work from home made the life of software employees even more stressful. Objectives: The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) To estimate prevalence and level of stress among software professionals during lockdown and (2) to assess factors that are associated with stress. Materials and Methods: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted using a predesigned and semi-structured pro forma among software persons in the age group of 20–50 years during May 2020 to June 2020 and those who are having psychiatric illness before pandemic were excluded from the study. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel and SPSS 20. Level of stress is determined by perceived stress scale (PSS). Individual scores on the PSS can range from 0 to 40 with higher scores indicating higher perceived stress. Results: Majority (56.3%) of the study subjects belong to 30–39 years age group. About 71.3% were male and 45.8% were married having children. Moderate stress levels were found in 71% of the subjects and working activity was more than usual in 42.9% of study subjects during COVID-19 pandemic. Statistically significant association was between sociodemographic factors and psychosocial stress levels, duration of work before and during pandemic, working activity, and psychosocial stress levels. Conclusion: The level of stress has been increased among software professionals due to multiple responsibilities

Key words: COVID pandemic, perceived stress scale, software professionals, stress


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