A Study on Family Planning Practices among Married Women in Reproductive Age Group in Urban Field Practice Area of Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad

Gaddala Kiranmayee, Gurram Sudharani, Bollampalli Baburao, S Prasanth Kumar

Abstract


Background: A family is a primary unit of society in many aspects; sociological, biological, economical, epidemiological, and operational. As defined by the WHO, family planning allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. It is achieved through use of contraceptive methods. In this study, an attempt has been made to assess the family planning practices/methods adopted or practiced in the urban field practice area of Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 402 subjects in Harazpenta, field practice area of Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, during the period of January–June 2019. A pre-designed, pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect the data. Data were entered using Microsoft Excel 2007 and analyzed using Epi Info version 7. Results: Rapid urbanization has led to decline of joint and three generation families, nuclear families are seen to be on the rise. Literacy status of the subjects had a significant influence over the acceptance of family planning. In the present study, 75.4% of literate women have accepted family planning methods. Majority 87.3% of the study subjects were housewives and unemployed. Only 0.2% were professionals. The contraception usage increased as the age increased and was statistically significant (P < 0.0001). Religion had no association with the acceptance of contraception (P < 0.17). Conclusion: The study subjects had very poor knowledge on milk banking and awareness regarding the benefits and safety provided by breast milk was minimal.

Key words: Family planning, married women, occupation, reproductive age


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