Predicting Risk of Diabetes using Indian Diabetes Risk Score in Adult Population of Faridabad
Background: Estimating the risk for developing diabetes can help in reducing the chances of developing it in future by modification of the risk factors. Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were as follows: (1) To estimate the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus among adult population using Indian Diabetes Risk Score and (2) to find out the association of socio demographic characteristics among study population with diabetes risk score. Study Design and setting: It was a cross-sectional study conducted in hospital settings at ESIC Hospital, Faridabad. Methodology: A total of 250 participants above 30 years were enrolled for the study using systematic random sampling and including every alternate person registering for OPD services. We collected their baseline information such as age, gender, occupation, income and socioeconomic status, family history of diabetes, and h/o substance use. The measurements taken included height, weight, and waist circumference. For assessing diabetes risk in the study subjects, Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) was used. Results: More than half (56%) of subjects had a high risk while 32% had moderate risk and only 12% had low risk of developing diabetes. High risk was significantly associated with age above 50 years, female gender, those who are either unemployed or retired or home makers, overweight or obesity, positive family history of diabetes, and less physical activity. Conclusion: A very large proportion (88%) of study subjects had moderate-high risk of developing diabetes. Screening and identification of high-risk individuals is important so that appropriate preventive measures can be timely applied to minimize this risk.
Key words: Adults, diabetes mellitus, Indian diabetes risk score
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