Knowledge of Sex Determination and Attitude of Women about Gender Preference
Background: Sex ratio is important demographic figure to explain status of specific gender in any country. Declining sex ratio and gender preference are always need a concern. Aims and Objectives: This study aims to know attitude of married women toward their gender preference and to find out the level of awareness regarding sex determination. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in an antenatal clinic of obstetrics and gynecology department. All antenatal communing to the outpatient department from adjacent rural and urban area were included based in inclusion and exclusion criteria. Sample size of study was 200. Data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire. Written informed consent was obtained from the participants. Appropriate statistical method was used for analysis. Results: In this study, a total of 200 married pregnant women belonged to the age group of 19–45 years with mean age of 25.89 ± 4.89 years. Out of 200 women, 80 (40%) gave preference to male child; the major reason for this being social responsibility carried out by male (8.8%), for propagation of family name (60%), dependable in old age (12.5%), pressure from family (2.5%), and to perform cremation (16.25%). As per this study, causes of female feticide were poverty (4%), dowry (33%), female as economic liability (31%), and pressure of family (32%). Conclusion: Parental education (both mother and father education level), locality where they belong, sex of previous child, and type of family were the main predictor for gender preference. Current scenario clearly depicted that there is a need of continuous information education communication activities, parental counseling, and strict legislation to combat the upcoming situations created because of low sex ratio.
Key words: Female feticide, gender discrimination, gender preference, sex ratio, Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, sex determination
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