Study on Mode of Delivery among Mothers of Children Aged Under 5 Years in Urban Field Practice Area of Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
Introduction: Child birth is an important life event and many social and psychological factors play an important role in the decision-making process of the mother regarding mode of delivery over the years there has been a shift in the attitude of women toward childbirth and the mode of delivery. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine the sociodemographic profile of mothers of under 5 children and to assess the mode of delivery practices. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among 260 mothers of under 5 children in urban field practice area of Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad, Telangana. Pre-tested questionnaire was used to interview the study population in their local language after taking informed consent. Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft Excel sheet and Open Epi Info. Results: With regard to mode of deliveries among 260 mothers, normal vaginal deliveries were 49.2% and cesarean section was 50.8%. About 61.9% deliveries were normal vaginal deliveries occurred in government hospitals and majority (75.6%) were cesarean sections occurred in private hospitals and the association was statistically significant. The major reason for opting LSCS was previous cesarean section (23%). Conclusions: The present study found a high cesarean section rate with majority sections occurred in private sector hospitals. To actively battle the unhealthy trend of increasing cesarean section rates, the impetus for change has to come from both the individual practitioners and institutional caregivers.
Key words: Cesarean section, mode of delivery, mothers of under 5 children, urban area
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