Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Related to COVID-19 among Medical Students of a Rural Medical College in Tumkur, Karnataka

Chandana Krishna, Saikishan S Menon

Abstract


Background: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a public health emergency of international concern which occurred
first in Wuhan City of Hubei Province of China in December 2019. The first case in India was reported on January 30,
2020. While the primary focus has been placed on the development of COVID-19-specific vaccine, awareness about the
disease and practice of simple measures such as social distancing, use of masks, and hand hygiene is also crucial for
prevention of this global pandemic. There are very few studies on knowledge, attitude, and practice on COVID-19, as this
is a novel disease. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice among the
medical students regarding COVID-19. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical
students of a health university. Data were collected using pre-tested self-administered questionnaire through Google Forms.
Descriptive statistics were used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 281 (69.2%) respondents had heard details on
COVID-19 from the social media, 355 (87.4%) and 353 (86.9%) knew about the mode of coronavirus transmission and
symptoms of COVID-19, respectively. Two hundred and fifty-six (63.1%) felt that COVID-19 is a serious disease, 289
(71.2%) responded that the lockdown was helpful in reducing the number of cases. The majority, that is, 376 (92.6%)
washed hands with soap and water regularly, 367 (90.4%) maintained social distancing, and 397 (97.8%) and 388 (95.6%)
reported wearing mask and following lockdown guidelines. Conclusion: Our study showed that the subjects exhibited good
knowledge, positive attitude, and sensible practices regarding COVID-19.
Key words: Attitude, coronavirus disease-19, knowledge, medical students, practice


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