Who Will Explain Medications to Patients? Doctor or Pharmacist? Providers’ Perspective in Medical College Hospital of Central Gujarat, India

Bhaveshbhai R Bariya, Rahul J Parmar, Vihang S Mazumdar


Background: Patients’ knowledge on prescribed medications plays a key role in the long-term management of chronic
diseases and in determining their outcome. To ensure good compliance, patients should be well informed about the drugs
that they are prescribed. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted at government medical college
hospital of Central Gujarat in India. Eight Pharmacists and 45 doctors were interviewed for their practice of explaining
medicines to patients. Results: Half of the pharmacists were dispensing medicines on average 200 patients daily. About
75% of them replied that they always explain the patient how to take medicine. Half of them also quoted that doctor should
also take an active role for educating patients about the prescribed medication. Clinicians attend 42 (SD 17.08) patients
daily. Clinicians spent 2 min for explanation of medicine use on average. They explained purpose of medicine (66.67%),
quantity (71.1%), frequency (80%), and relation with food (73.3%). Interpretation: All pharmacists and one-third of
clinicians opined that explaining medications to the patients were a primary responsibility of the pharmacists, while onethird
of clinicians felt that doctors and pharmacists both should be involved in educating medicines to the patients. Thus, the
responsibility of them needs to be specified in relation to the explanation of medications to the patients.
Key words: Drug dispensing, medicines, pharmacist

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