Study of Sociodemographic and Clinical Profile of Patients Attending Dental Outpatient Department of a Government Tertiary Care Hospital in Adilabad District of Telangana

Vinod Balla, Vijayalakshmi Eruva, Rafath Unnisa Begum

Abstract


Background: Oral diseases pose a major health burden for several countries and people throughout their lifetime. Predominant oral disease conditions include dental caries, periodontal disease, tooth loss, oral cancer, oral manifestations of HIV infection, orodental trauma, and birth defects such as cleft lip and palate. Most of these oral health conditions are largely preventable and can be treated in their early stages. Hence, the present study was conducted to analyze the demographic and clinical profile of patients attending dental outpatient department (OPD) to effectively utilize the available recourses in future planning of prevention and control of oral health problems. Materials and Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted in the dental OPD of Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Adilabad, Telangana. In this study, 3457 patients case records from January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2019, were reviewed. The details such as age, gender, residence, chief complaints, and diagnosis of presenting conditions were noted. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Results: Out of total 3457 patients, who attended the dental OPD, maximum number of patients belonged to the age group of 2130 years and majority 52.1% was male. Dental caries (64.2%) was the most common dental disease, followed by periodontitis (10.2%), gingivitis (6.2%), pericoronitis (5.9%), abrasion (4.1%), impacted teeth (3.4%), jaw fractures and fractured teeth (1.8%), and oral cancers and pre-cancerous lesions. Dental caries (66.4%), periodontitis (61.3%), fractures and trauma (97%), and cancers and precancerous lesions (89.1%) are more common in male patients compared to female patients. Conclusion: Dental caries was the most common condition seen among all the patients attending dental OPD. Majority of these dental diseases are preventable with timely intervention.

Key words: Clinical profile, dental caries, periodontitis, dental outpatient department


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