Study on Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus risk using Indian Diabetic Risk Score among Adults (1840 years) in Urban Field Practice Area of Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad, Telangana, India

Vimala Thomas, K. J. Kishore Kumar, M. Vijay Kumar

Abstract


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is the most common type of diabetes in the world. It is an iceberg disease and often unidentified killer among adult population. Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) is helpful for screening of pre-diabetic condition in non-diabetic people so that early diagnosis and treatment is provided and thus reduced the occurrence of complications of diabetes. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus among the study population using Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) score and to determine the relationship between sociodemographic profile and diabetic risk among the study population. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted in urban field practice area of Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad, Telangana, using self-designed questionnaire and IDRS. A sample of 250 was taken based on the prevalence from literature. Inclusion criteria being adults (1840 years) who are not diagnosed with diabetes and exclusion criteria being those unwilling to participate in the study. Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft Excel sheet and OpenEpi Info. Results: Majority of the study subjects were males and were from upper socioeconomic class and more than half (54%) were overweight. Among the study subjects, 62% of people have moderate risk of diabetes and 29% of them have high risk, whereas 9% of them have no risk. Conclusions: The risk of developing diabetes based on the IDRS was moderately high among the study population. A family history of diabetes, being older, being overweight, and little or no physical exercise contributed to increasing the risk of diabetes.

Key words: Indian diabetic risk score, diabetes mellitus, prevalence


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