A Study of Impact on Mental Health Status among Health-care Professionals at Tertiary Care Centre during Coronavirus Disease-19 Pandemic: An Exploratory Study
Background: Healthcare workers involved in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic are exposed to high levels of stressful or traumatic events and express substantial negative mental health outcomes, including stress-related symptoms and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and insomnia. In this cross-sectional study, we report on mental health outcomes among health-care professionals. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, web-based study collected data between May, 2020 and July, 2020, using an online questionnaire spread through social networks, online consent was obtained from the participants. The questionnaire investigated demographic variables, workplace characteristics (i.e., being a frontline or second-line worker), and information regarding key mental health outcomes such as symptoms of depression, stress using perceived stress scale, and patient health questionnaire-9. Results: About 20.2% of the participants had no symptoms of depression, 29.8% of them had minimal depression, 26.4% of them had mild depression, 13.5% of them had moderate depression, 5.1% of them had moderately severe depression, and 5.1% of them had severe depression. About 41.6% of them were under low stress, 48.3% of them were under moderate stress, and 10.1% of them were under high perceived stress. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic was associated with mild stressful impact in our sample; since the COVID-19 pandemic is still ongoing, these findings need to be confirmed and investigated in future larger population studies. Our study managed to capture some immediate mental health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Key words: Coronavirus disease-19, Patient health questionnaire-9, Mental health
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