Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Novel Coronavirus Disease Among Adults of Mandya City: A Cross-sectional Study
Background: The measures undertaken by our government to control coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 is remarkable. People adherence to such measures relies on their knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding COVID-19. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding the prevention of COVID-19 transmission. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 adult residents of Mandya city in April 2020. Adults aged more than 18 years who gave informed consent to participate in the study were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Sociodemographic characteristics affecting the knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding COVID-19 were calculated based on the scoring of the response given by the study subjects. Descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation and proportions were used to present the analyzed data, while inferential statistics such as Chi-square test were used. Results: Of the 400 adults who were interviewed in Mandya city, 36.3% knew that in India, the first case was diagnosed in January. Transmission of infection was attributed to droplets due to coughing or sneezing by 335 (83.8%) adults. Two hundred and eighty-six (71.5%) adults knew that COVID-19 is diagnosed by testing nasal and throat swabs. About 13.8% of adults were afraid about the health impact of getting infected. More than 75.0% of the adults stated that they practiced preventive measures such as social distancing, wearing mask, and hand hygiene. Conclusion: Overall the majority of them had average knowledge about COVID-19. The knowledge differed with regard to education and socioeconomic status. The practices were good among those who had a college education compared to those who had a high school education and below.
Key words: Adults, attitude, coronavirus disease-19, cross-sectional study, knowledge, Mandya, practice
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