Prevalence and Determinants of Pre-hypertension among High School Children in Urban Slums of Davangere

L H Ashwini, D B Shubha, Shravika Reddy kandi

Abstract


Background: Hypertension (HTN) in children is an emergent health problem. The risk factors include a family history of HTN, obesity, dietary habits, decrease physical activity, and increasing stress. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of pre-HTN among schoolchildren and to study the determinants of arterial HTN. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among schoolchildren in the age group 1216 years in urban slums of Davangere. A pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire was administered to know sociodemographic details, anthropometric measurements were taken and blood pressure was measured. Data were entered into Microsoft Excel and analyzed using SPSS v16.0. Results: Mean age of study participants was 14.01 1.035 years. The majority (66.2%) of them were underweight, and 2.7% of them were overweight. Among schoolchildren, 14.2% of them had a family history of HTN and diabetes. The majority (28.1%) of them were in pre-HTN stage. Prevalence of pre-HTN was found high among underweight children (69%) and was found statistically significant association with female gender (P < 0.05) and decreased physical activity (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Significant percentage of children was pre-hypertensive and the prevalence was high among underweight children. Statistically significant association for pre-HTN was found for gender, decreased duration of physical activity, and food habits.

Key words: Pre hypertension, prevalence, school children, urban slums


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