A Cross-sectional Study to Assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Organ Donation among the Medical Students of Punjab

Amanpreet Kaur, Priyanka Devgun, Kanwal Preet Gill

Abstract


Introduction: In India, the Transplantation of Human Organs Act, which is the primary legislation related to organ donation and transplantation, was passed in 1994. Even so many years after its implementation, knowledge is poor at the medical school level which can be rectified by a prompt change in the medical curriculum. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among medical students of Punjab. First-year and 3rd-year medical students were included in the study. Google forms were shared among the medical students through the specific social groups. The sample size calculated was 332. A total of 380 responses were received, which were all included in the study. The pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire consisting of the question regarding knowledge, attitude, and practices about organ donation was used in the study. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 23 version. Results: Responses were received from 380 students. About 32.6% of the participants were in the 1st year, and 33.9% were of 3rd-year medical students of Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, while 16% and 17.4% were of 1st year and 3rd year, respectively, from other medical colleges of Punjab. Most (62.9%) of the study participants were girls. Knowledge score was found to be high among 3rd-year students than 1st year (P = 0.001). The practice of blood donation was significantly higher among males as compared to females (P = 0.001). About 86.1% of the participants were willing to donate any of their organ in the future, while 84.2% of the participants were willing to motivate family member or friends for organ donation. Conclusions: This study found that the current level of knowledge of medical students on organ donation and transplantation was inadequate. To overcome, this organ donation and transplantation lectures should be a part of the medical curriculum.

Key words: Attitude, knowledge, medical students, organ donation, practices


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