Assessment of Morbidity Pattern and Its Knowledge Assessment of Peri- and Postmenopausal Women Using Menopause Rating Scale - A Cross-Sectional Study

Priyanka Mahawar, Salil Sakalle, Sanjay Dixit, Deepika Rathore, Divya Gangwani

Abstract


Introduction: Menopause is a significant stage marking the end of a woman’s reproductive life. During the transition to menopause, women may experience vasomotor, urogenital, psychosomatic, and psychological symptoms as well as sexual dysfunction. The prevalence of each of these symptoms varies widely not only between individuals in the same population but also between different populations. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess various health issues faced by peri- and postmenopausal women using menopause rating scale (MRS). Methodology: This was a crosssectional observational study to assess various health issues faced by peri- and postmenopausal women using MRS system. Result: Most frequent somatic problems reported by the subjects in this study were sleep problems (79%), followed by joint and muscular discomfort (78%), heart discomfort, and hot flushes. Psychological problems reported are irritability and physical and mental exhaustion followed by depressive mood. Among the urogenital problems, the most frequent are bladder problems (83%), then dryness of vagina, and sexual problems. Conclusion: The study shows that peri- and postmenopausal women in India suffer from various signs and symptoms, physical, psychiatric as well as vasomotor. Only few of the women under the study were aware about the methods regarding the management of menopause. Thus, education regarding these changes would enable them to effectively deal with this transitory period.

Key words: Menopause rating scale, menopause, perimenopause


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