A Cross-sectional study on Non-communicable Diseases Risk Factors in a Rural Population of Barabanki District, Uttar Pradesh

Dhruva Agarwal, Mukesh Shukla, Aditi Garg

Abstract


Introduction: Considerable loss of potential productive years of life has been experienced over past few decades with a rising burden of NCDs (Non-communicable diseases) causing significant morbidity and mortality both in developed and developing economies. Objectives: To study the prevalence of various NCDs risk factors in a rural population of Barabanki district, Uttar Pradesh. Material and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in six randomly selected villages of Satrikh block in Barabanki district, Uttar Pradesh. A total 300 subjects (equal representation of males & females) aged 25 years and above were enrolled in the study. WHO STEPs- wise tool was used to collect information on behavioural risk factors like tobacco use, diet, physical activity, alcohol use, measured anthropometry and blood pressure. Results: The prevalence of daily smoked tobacco was 58.0% for males and 12.2% among females. Daily smokeless tobacco use was 54.5% and 37.8% for males and females respectively. The prevalence of current alcohol consumption was 20.5% among males while only 4.7% females stated about consuming alcohol. The mean number of servings of vegetables or fruits less than five per day was 92.7% for males and 96.0% for females. Among males, 20.5% had BMI ≥25.0 compared to 10.7% among women. The prevalence of measured hypertension i.e. >140 SBP and/or >90 DBP or on antihypertensive drugs was 29.8% and 29.5% among males & females respectively. Conclusion: The study revealed comparatively higher use of tobacco and alcohol among males while overweight and hypertension was somewhat higher among females.

Key words: Alcohol, BMI, Hypertension, Physical inactivity, Risk factors.


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