Factors Influencing Menstrual Hygiene Practice Among Late Adolescent Girls in an Urban Area of Belgaum

Kanyadi Suhasini, Metgud Chandra

Abstract


Abstract:

Background: Menstrual hygiene is an issue that is insufficiently acknowledged. Menstrual practices are still shrouded by taboos and socio-cultural restrictions. Thus adolescent girls remain ignorant of the scientific facts and hygiene practices which sometimes result into adverse health consequences. Objective: To study the factors influencing menstrual hygiene practices among late adolescent girls. Materials and methods: A community based cross sectional study was undertaken over a period of one year, in Ashoknagar which is an urban field practice area of J. N. Medical College, Belagavi. A total of 625 late adolescent girls between 16 - 19 years were studied. After obtaining the ethical clearance, pilot study was conducted. Written informed consent was obtained from every participant. Data was collected by house to house visit using a predesigned questionnaire. Result: The mean age (±SD) of the study participants was 17.4±1.09 years and mean age (±SD) at menarche was 12.8+1.73 years.  Less than half, 43.4% of the adolescent girls used sanitary pads and around 52.8% of the girls practiced cleaning of external genitalia during menstruation. Factors like age, religion, socio-economic status and mothers’ literacy were significantly associated both with the use of sanitary pads and practice of perineal hygiene. Conclusion: Appropriate health education programmes and social marketing of sanitary pads may lead to better menstrual hygiene practices among adolescents.

Keywords:  Menstual hygiene, Adolescent girls, Urban area


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abera, Y. Menarche, Menstruation related Prob-lems and Practices among Adolescent High School Girls in Addis Ababa. Thesis of Master degree Addis Ababa University 2003; 4: 9.

Dasgupta A. Menstrual hygiene: How hygienic is the adolescent girls. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2008; 33(2): 77-80.

Bhatia, J. and J. Cleland, Self-reported symp-toms of gynecological morbidity and their treatment in south India. Studies in family planning 1995: 26(4): 203-216.

Mehra ES. Adolescent Girl: An Indian Prespec-tive.Mamta Health Institute for Mother and Child, New Delhi 1995.

Pokhrel S, Mahantashetti N, Angolkar M, Dev-kota N. Impact of Health Education on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding menstrual hygiene among pre-university female students of a college located in urban area of Belgaum. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science 2014; 3(4): 38-44.

Bobhate PS, Shrivastava SR. A cross sectional study of knowledge and practices about reproductive health among female adolescents in an urban slum of Mumbai. Journal of Family and Reproductive Health 2013; 5(4): 117-124.

Shah S, Arya K. A study of awareness among adolescent girls regarding child care practices belong-ing to different socio-economic status. Journal of Hu-man Ecology 2003; 14(4): 305-307

Omidvar S, Begum K. Factors influencing hy-gienic practices during menses among girls from South India- A cross sectional study. International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medi-cine nd Public Health. 2010; 2(12): 411-423.

El-Gilany A, Badawi K, El-Fedawy. Menstrual hygiene among adolescent schoolgirls in Mansoura, Egypt. Reproductive Health Matters 2005; 13(26): 147-152.

Adima E, Adima J. Perceptions and practices on menstruation amongst Nigerian secondary school girls. African Journal of Reproductive Health 2009; 12(1): 74.






Indexed/Listed in:Follows recommendations by:   

Plagarism Check by

Creative Commons License
CopyrightNotice-AoCH

PKP
Contact
AoCH blog
AoCH official page