Measles Elimination and Rubella control – The Problem and the Solution

V Raghuram

Abstract


Measles is one of the most infectious human diseases and can cause serious illness, lifelong complications and death. Prior to the availability of measles vaccine, measles infected over 90% of children before they reached 15 years of age. These infections were estimated to cause more than two million deaths and between 15, 000 and 60,000 cases of blindness annually worldwide. By contrast to measles, rubella infections cause a relatively mild disease for children. However, rubella infection in women during early pregnancy can severely affect the fetus, resulting in miscarriage, fetal death, or the combination of disabling conditions collectively called congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), which includes heart disease, blindness and deafness.


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